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PUBLICATIONS (since 1996)
(Abstract not included, * indicates paper in refereed journal or reviewed book chapter)

2012:

*Wu, X., X.-H. Yan, Y.-H. Jo, W.T. Liu, 2012: Estimation of subsurface temperature anaomaly in the North Atlantic using a self-organizing map neural network. J. Atmos, Ocean. Tech. in press.

*Liu, W.T., 2013: Sea surface wind/stress vector. Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. E. Njoku (ed.), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/SpringerReference_327232. (PDF file)

*Liu, W.T. and X. Xie, 2013: Ocean-atmosphere water flux and evaporation, Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. E. Njoku (ed.), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/SpringerReference_327186. (PDF file)

*Liu, W.T., 2012: Wind, surface, Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Science, Gerald North (ed.), Elsevier, in press.

*Jo, Y. H., X.-H. Yan, and W.T. Liu, 2012: A new insight on sea level trends at different time scales in the North Atlantic. Deep Sea Res., Special Issue, in press.

*Liu, W. T., X. Xie, and K. B. Katsaros, 2012: Observtion of oceanic origin of Sahel precipitation from space, Remote Sensing of Environment, 123, 593-599. (PDF file)

*Li , Feili,Y.-H. Jo , W. T. Liu and X.-H. Yan, 2012: Variability in the sea surface height anomaly of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre from the 1990s to the 2000s, J. Geophys. Res. 39, L15604, doi:10.1029/2012GL052556.

2011:

*Dong, X., X. Baike, A. Kennedy, Z. Feng, J.K. Entin, P.R.Houser, R.A.Schjffer, T. L¿Ecuyer, W.S. Olson, K. Hsu, W.T. Liu, B. Lin, Y. Deng, and T. Jiang, 2011: Investigation of the 2006 drought and 2007 flood extremes at the Southern Great Plains through an integrative analysis of observations. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D03204, doi:10.1029/2010JD014776.

2010:

*Lee, T., W.R. Hobbs, J.K. Willis, D. Halkides, I. Fukumori, E.M. Armstrong, A.K. Hayashi, W.T. Liu, W. Patzert, O. Wang, 2010: Record warming in the South Pacific and western Antarctica associated with the strong central Pacific El Nino in 2009-10. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L13808, doi:10.1029/2008GL034172.

*Ho, S.-S, W. Tang, W.T. Liu, and M. Schneider, 2010: A framework of moving sensor data query and retrieval of dynamic atmospheric events. SSWDBM.

*Liu, W.T., X. Xie, and W. Tang, 2010: Scatterometer's unique capability in measuring ocean surface stress. Oceanography from Space, Barale, Gower, and Alberotanza (eds), Chapter 6, Springer, 93-111.

*268 Liu, W.T., W. Tang, and X. Xie, 2010: Wind power at sea as observed from space. Wind Power, Chapter 14, 341-352, S.M. Muyeen (ed.) Intech, Vukovar.

2009:

*Waliser, D. E., B. Tian, X. Xie, W. T. Liu, M. J. Schwartz, and E. J. Fetzer,2009: How well can satellite data characterize the water cycle of the Madden-Julian Oscillation?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L21803, doi:10.1029/2009GL040005.

*Zeng, L., P. Shi, W. T. Liu, and D. Wang, 2009: Evaluation of a satellite-derived latent heat flux product in the South China Sea: A comparison with moored buoy data and various products. Atmos. Res., 94, 91-105.

*Lin, I-I, C.-H. Chen, I.-F. Pun, W.T. Liu, and C.-C. Wu, 2009: Warm ocean anomaly, air sea fluxes and the rapid intensification of tropical cyclone Nargis (2008). Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L03817, doi:10.1029/2008GL035815.

2008:

Liu, W.T., 2008: Mapping wind energy over oceans. SPIE Newsroom. SPIE, Bellingham, WA.

*Wang, H., R. Fu, J.K. Schemm, W. Tang, and W.T. Liu, 2008: Prediction of South American low-level jet using QuikSCAT ocean surface wind. Int. J. Remote Sens., 29(21), 6117-6172.

*Lee,T., O. Wang, W. Tang, and W. T. Liu, 2008: Wind stress measurements from the QuikSCAT-SeaWinds scatterometer tandem mission and the impact on an ocean model. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C12019, doi:10.1029/2008JCX004855.

Liu,W.T., W.Tang, and X. Xie, 2008: Measuring strong winds and their distribution over global ocean. Proc. of IGARSS 2008, IEEE.

*Liu,W.T., W. Tang, X. Xie, 2008: Wind power distribution over the ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L13808, doi:10.1029/2008GL034172. (PDF file)

*Liu, W.T. and X. Xie, 2008: Ocean-atmosphere momentum coupling in the Kuroshio Extension observed from space. J. Oceanogr., 64, 631-637. (PDF file)

*Yan,Y.-H. Y.-H. Jo, L. Jiang, Z.Wan, W. T. Liu, Y. Li, and T. Du, 2008: Impact of the Three Gorges Dam Water Storage on the Yangtze River outflow into the East China Sea. Geophy. Res. Lett., in press.

Liu, W,T,, X. Xie, and W. Tang, 2008: Energy and water cycles observed by Advanced Scanning Microwave Radiometer. Report to Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, In press.

*Wang, H., R. Fu, J.K. Schemm, W. Tang, and W.T. Liu, 2008: Prediction of South American low-level jet using QuikSCAT ocean surface wind. Int. J. Remote Sens., In press.

*Han, W., P.J. Webster, J.-L. Lin, W.T. Liu, R. Fu, D. Yuan, A. Hu, 2008: Dynamics of intraseasonal sea level and thermocline variability in the equatorial Atlantic during 2002-2003, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 945-967.

*Pu, Z., X. Li, C. Velden,S. Aberson, W. T. Liu, 2008: The impact of aircraft dropsonde and satellite wind data on numerical simulations of two landfalling tropical storms during tropical cloud systems and processes experiment. Wea. Forecasting, 23,62-79.

*Liu, W.T., W. Tang, X. Xie, R.Navalgund , and K.Xu, 2008: Power density of ocean surface wind-stress from International scatterometer tandem missions.. Int. J. Remote Sens., 29(21), 6109-6116.

Liu, W.T. and X. Xie, 2008: Latent heat flux and ocean-atmosphere water exchanges. Flux News, 5, 19-21, CLIVAR International Project Office, Southhampton, United Kingdom. (PDF file)

*Xie, X., W. T. Liu, and B. Tang, 2008: Spacebased estimation of moisture transport in marine atmosphere using support vector regression. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112,1846-1855. (PDF file)

2007:

Liu, W.T., and X. Xie, 2007: QuikSCAT shows rough seas/atmospheric conditions at time of two Java Sea disasters. The Earth Observer, 19(3), 4.

Liu, W.T., and X. Xie, 2007: Ocean-atmosphere coupling in the western Pacific and Asian marginal seas observed from space. Pacific Asian Marginal Sea. 46-49, Arata Kaneko (ed), Hiroshima Univ. Press.

*Pun, I.-F., I-I Lin, C.-R. Wu, D.-S. Ko, and W.T. Liu, 2006: Validation and application of altimetry-derived upper ocean thermal structure in the western North Pacific Ocean for typhoon intensity forecast. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 45(6). 1616-1630.

*Han, W., D. Yuan, W. T. Liu, and D. J. Halkides (2007), Intraseasonal variability of Indian Ocean sea surface temperature during boreal winter: Madden-Julian Oscillation versus submonthly forcing and processes, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C04001, doi:10.1029/2006JC003791. (PDF file)

*Liu, W. T., X. Xie, and P. P. Niiler, 2007: Ocean-atmosphere interaction over Agulhas Extension Meanders. J. Clim., 20(23), 5784-5797. (PDF file)

*Liu, W. T., and X. Xie, 2007: Winds over ocean. Glimpses of a Changing World: Views of Planet Earth from Space, M. D. King, C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 168-171. (PDF file)

2006:

*Zheng, Q. A., R. J. Lai, N. E. Huang, J. Pan, and W. T. Liu, 2006: Observation of ocean current response to 1998 Hurricane Georges in the Gulf of Mexico. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 25, 1-14. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T. and X. Xie, 2006: Moving water to South America as observed from space, Proc. of 8th Internatiional Conf. on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. American Meteorological Society, Boston. (PDF file)

*Liu, W. T., X. Xie, W. Tang, and V. Zlotnicki, 2006: Spacebased observations of oceanic influence on the annual variation of South American water balance. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L08710, doi:10.1029/2006GL025683. (PDF file)

*Han, W., W.T. Liu, and J. Lin, 2006: Impact of atmospheric submonthly oscillations on sea surface temperature of the tropical Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L03609, doi:10.1029/2005GL025082. (PDF file)

*Xie, S.-P., H. Xu, N.H. Saji, Y. Wang, and W.T. Liu, 2006: Role of narrow mountains in large-scale organization of Asian monsson convection. J. Climate, 19, 3420-3429. (PDF file)

*Liu, W.T., and X. Xie, 2006: Measuring ocean surface wind from space. Remote Sensing of the Marine Environment, Manual of Remote Sensing, Third Edition, Vol. 6, J. Gower (ed.), Amer. Soc. for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Chapter 5, 149-178. (PDF file)

*Yan, X.-H., Y.-H. Jo, W.T. Liu, and M.-X. He, 2006: A new study of the Mediterranean outflow, air-sea interacations and eddies using multi-sensor data. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36(4), 691-710. (PDF file)

2005:

Chao, Y., P. DiGiacomo, L.-L. Fu, B. Holt, R. Gaston, D. Moller, E. Rodriguez, M. Spencer, W.-Y. Tsai, 2005: Misson Of Scatterometer and Along-Track Interferometer for Ocean Current and Vector Wind Applications (MOSAIC). NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey Studies. (PDF file)

*Sprintall, J. and W.T. Liu, 2005: Ekman mass and heat transport in the Indonesian Seas. Oceanography, 18(4), 88-97. (PDF file)

Evans, D., W. Alpers, A. Cazenave, C. Elachi, T. Farr, D. Glackin, B. Holt, L.Jones, W.T. Liu, W. McCandless, Y. Menard, R. Moore, and E. Njoku, 2005: Seasat - a 25-year legacy of success. Remote Sens. Envir, 94, 384-404.

Liu, W.T., X. Xie, and W. Tang, 2005: Monsoon, orography, and human influence on Asian rainfall. Proc. First International Symposium on Cloud-prone and Rainy Areas Remote Sensing. Hong Kong Chinese University. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T. and X. Xie, 2005: Potential scientific applications of SeaWinds and its follow-on. Proc. of IGARSS 2005. IEEE. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T., X. Xie, and W. Tang, 2005: Oceanic influence on global hydrologic cycle observed from space. Proc.of IGARSS 2005, IEEE. (PDF file)

*Lee, T. and W.T. Liu, 2005: Effects of high-frequency wind sampling on simulated mixed layer depth and upper ocean temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 110(C5), C05002, 10.1029/2004JC002746. (PDF file)

*Jo, Y.-H., X.-H. Yan, B. Dzwonkowski, and W.T. Liu, 2005: A study of freshwater discharge from the Amazon River into the tropical Atlantic using multi-sensor data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2605. doi:10. 1029/2004GL021840.

Ebuchi, N., and W. T. Liu, 2005: Synergism of SeaWinds and AMSR. GCOM-W publication at IGARSS04. (PDF file , and larger PDF file)

Xie, X., and W. T. Liu, 2005: Hydrological budget in the tropical Pacific. 16th Conf. on Climate Variability and Change, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston. (PDF file)

*Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 2005: Moisture transport over ocean observed from space. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D10101, doi:10.1029/2004JD005300. (PDF file)

2004:

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 2004: Oceanic Influence on the precipitation in India and China as observed by TRMM and QuikSCAT. Proc. TRMM Conf., in press. (PDF file)

Liu, W. T., W. Tang, and X. Xie, 2004: Long-term variability of ocean surface winds. Proc. Decadal Climate Variability Workshop, Kona. (PDF file) (PPT)

*Liu, Q., X. Jiang, S.-P. Xie, and W.T. Liu, 2004: A gap in the Indo-Pacific warm pool over the South China Sea in boreal winter: seasonal development and interannual variability. J. Geophys. Res., 109, C07012, doi:10/1029/2003JC002179. (PDF file)

*Hashizume, H. and W. T. Liu, 2004: Systematic error of microwave scatterometer wind related to the basin scale plankton bloom. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06307, doi:10.1029/2003GTL01841. (PDF file)

*Zhou, Y.H., X. H. Yan, X. L. Ding, X. H. Liao, D. W. Zheng, J. Y. Pan, M. Q. Fang, M. X. He, W. T. Liu, 2004: Excitation of non-atmospheric polar motion by the migration of the Pacific Warm Pool, J. Geodesy, 78, 109-113.

*Yan, X.-H., J. Pan, M.-X. He, W.T. Liu, and Y.-H. Jo, 2004: The role of winds on estimation of the ocean heat storage anomaly using satellite data. J. Geophys. Res., 109(c), doi:10.1029/2003JC002202.

*Tang, W., W.T. Liu, and B.W. Stiles, 2004: Evaluation of high-resolution ocean surface vector winds measured by QuikSCAT scatterometer in coastal region. IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sens. 42, 1762-1769. (PDF file)

*Pan, J. X-H Yan, Y.H. Jo, q. Zheng, and W.T. Liu, 2004: A new method of estimation of the sensible heat flux under unstable conditions using satellite vector winds, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 968-977. (PDF file)

*Yan, X.-H., Y.-H. Jo, W.T. Liu, and M.-X. He, 2004: Multi-sensor study of the Mediterranean outflow and Meddies at 1000-meter depth. J. Phys. Oceanogr., in press.

*Jo, Y.-H., X.-H. Yan, J. Pan and W.T. Liu, 2004: Sensible and Latent Heat Flux in the Tropical Pacific from Satellite Multi-Sensor Data. Remote Sens. Environment, 90, 166-177. (PDF file)

*Zheng, Q., P. Clemete-Colon, X.-H. Yan, W.T. Liu,, N.E. Huang, 2004: Satellite synthetic aperture radar detection of Delaware Bay plumes: jet-like feature analysis. J. Geophys. Res., 109(C3) 10, 1029/2003JC002100. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T., S.-B. Kim, T. Lee, Y.T. Song, W. Tang, and R. Atlas, 2004: Scientific Impacts of wind direction errors. JPL Publ. 04-008, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 19 pp. (PDF file)

Lin, I-I, C.C. Wu, K.A. Emanuel, W.T. Liu, and I-H. Lee, 2004: The rapid intensification of super-typhoon Maemi (2003) when encountering a warm ocean eddy. 26th Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston.

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 2004: Calibration/validation of SeaWinds on ADEOS-2, in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites VII, edited by R. Meynart, S.P.Neeck, H. Shimoda, J.B. Lurie,, M.L. Aten, Proc. of SPIE, Vol. 5234, SPIE, Bellingha, WA, 47-52.

2003:

Liu, W. T., X. Xie, and W. Tang, 2003: Space observations of the coupling between the atmosphere and Asian Marginal Seas. Proc. 12th PAMS/JECSS Workshop, Hangzhou, China. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T., 2003: Scientific Opportunity Provided by SeaWinds in Tandem. JPL Publications 03-12, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 38pp. (PDF file)

*Yueh. S.H., B. Stiles, and W. T. Liu, 2003: QuikSCAT wind retrievals for Tropical Cyclones. IEEE Trans. Geophys. Remote Sens., 41, 2616-2628. (PDF file)

*Chen, D., W. T. Liu, W. Tang, and Z. Wang, 2003: Air-sea interaction at an oceanic front: implications for frontogenesis and primary production. Geophy. Res. Lett., 30(14), 1745, doi:10.1029/2003GL017536. (PDF file)

*Yu, J. Y., and W.T. Liu, 2003: A liner relationship between ENSO intensity and trop[ical instability wave activity in the eastern Pacific ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(14), 1735, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017176. (PDF file)

*Xie, S.-P., Q. Xie, D. Wang, and W.T. Liu, 2003: Summer upwelling in the South China Sea and its role in regional climate variations. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C8), 3261, doi:10.1029/2003JC001867. (PDF file)

* Lin, I.-I.; W.T. Liu, C.-C. Wu, J.C. Chiang, and C.-H. Sui, 2003: Satellite observations of modulation of surface winds by typhoon-induced upper ocean cooling. Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 30(3), 1131, doi:10.1029/2002GL015674. (PDF file)

*Lin, I-I, W. Alpers, and W.T. Liu, 2003: First evidence for the detection of natural surface films by the scatterometer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(13), 1713, doi:10.1029/2003GL017415. (PDF file)

* Lin, I.-I., W. T. Liu, C.-C. Wu, G. T. F. Wong, C. Hu, Z. Chen, W.-D. Liang, Y. Yang, and K.-K. Liu, 2003: New evidence for enhanced ocean primary production triggered by tropical cyclone. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(13), 1718, doi:10.1029/2003GL017141. (PDF file)

*Hu, H., and W.T. Liu, 2003: Oceanic thermal and biological responses in Santa Ana Winds, Geophy. Res. Lett., 30(11), 1596, doi:10.1029/2003GL017159. (PDF file)

Lin, I-I, and W.T. Liu, 2003: Oceanic biological response to a typhoon. Proc. 12th Conf Satellite Meteor. And Oceanogr. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston. (PDF file)

Hu, H., and W.T. Liu, 2003: Satellie observations of air-sea interaction during a Santa Ana event, Proc. 12 Conf. Interaction of Sea and Atmos., Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston.

*Bourras, D., and W. T. Liu: Regional correction of ocean surface specific humidity derived from satellite sensor data. Int. J. Remote Sensing, 24(15), 3163-3169. (PDF file)

*Polito, P., and W.T. Liu, 2003: Global characterization of planetary waves at several spectral bands. J, Geophys. Res., 108 (C1), 3018, doi:10.1029/2000JC000607. (PDF file)

*Bourras, D., W. T., Liu, L. Eymard, and W. Tang, 2003: Evaluation of Latent Heat Flux Fields from Satellites and Models Over the SEMAPHORE Region. J. Appl. Meteor., 42, 227-239. (PDF file)

2002:

Liu, W. T., X. Xie, H. Hu, and W. Tang, 2002: Wind convergence observed by QuikSCAT. Proc. Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment III, 4894, Hangzhou, China. (PDF file)

*Hu, H. and W.T. Liu, 2002: QuikSCAT reveals the surface circulation of Catalina Eddy, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(17), 1821, doi:10.1029/2001GL014203. (PDF file)

*Xie, S.-P., J. Hafner, Y. Tanimoto, W.T. Liu, H. Tokinaga, and H. Xu, 2002: Bathymetric Effect on the Winter Climate through the Sea Surface Temperature in the Yellow and East China Seas. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(24),2288, doi:10.1029/2002GL015884. (PDF file)

*Yan. X.-H.,Y. Zhou, J. Pan, D. Zheng, M. Fang, X. Liao, M. He3 , W. T. Liu, X. Ding, 2002: Western Pacific warm pool excitation, Earth rotation and El Niño Southern Oscillations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(21). 2032, doi:10.1029/2002GL015685.

*Yu, L., R.A. Weller, and W.T. Liu, 2002: Case analysis of a role of ENSO in regulating westerly wind bursts in the Western Equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (C4), 3128, doi:10.1029/2002JC001498. (PDF file)

*Liu, W.T. and X. Xie, 2002: Double Intertropical Convergence Zones - a new look using scatterometer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(22), 2072, doi:10.1029/2002GL015431. (PDF file)

*Carr, M.E., W. Tang, and W.T. Liu, 2002: CO2 exchange coefficients from remotely sensed wind speed measurements: SSM/I versus QuikSCAT in 2000. Geophys. Res. Lett. 29 (15), doi:10.1029/2002GL015068.

*Hashizume, H., S.-P.Xie, M. Fujiwara, M. Shiotani, T. Watanabe, Y. Tanimoto, W.T. Liu, K. Takeuchi, 2002: Direct observations of atmospheric boundary layer response to slow SST variations over the eastern equatorial Pacific, J. Climate, 15,3379-3393.

*Pan, J., X. -H. Yan, Q. Zheng, and W.T. Liu, 2002: Interpretation of satellite ocean surface wind vector EOFs in the Northwestern Pacific. Rem. Sens. Environ., 84, 53-68.

*Pan, J., X.-H. Yan, Q. Zheng, and W. T. Liu, 2002: Observation of Western Boundary Current Atmospheric Convergence Zones Using Scatterometer Winds. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(17). 1832. dpo:10.1029/2002GL015015.

Liu, W.T., 2002: Air-sea Interaction - New Results. Proc. PORSEC 02, Special Vol., 21-25. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 2002: Scatterometer Missions and Scientific Applications. Proc. PORSEC '02. Vol. 2, 478-481.

Gautier, C., C. Jones, C. P. Peterson, and W.T. Liu, 2002: Satellite observations of latent and sensible heat fluxes in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Proc. PORSEC '02, in press.

*Sato, O., P.S. Polito, and W.T. Liu, 2002: Intra-decadal variability in the Ekman heat flux from scatterometer winds. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(17). 1831, doi:10.1029/2002GL014775. (PDF file)

*Jo, Y. -H., X.-H. Yan, J. Pan, M.-X. He, and W.T. Liu, 2002: Calculation of the Bowen Ratio in the tropical Pacific using sea surface temperature data. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C9), 3134, doi:10.1029/2001JC001150.

*Liu, W.T., 2002: Satellite Remote Sensing: Wind, Surface. Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, Academic Press. London, 1979-1984, J.R. Holton, J.A. Pyle, and J.A. Curry (eds), Academic Press. London.

*Veldon, C., K.Bruske, C. Kummerow, W.T. Liu, J. Simpson, S. Braun, and R. Anthes, 2002: The burgeoning role of weather satellites. Coping with Hurricanes. Chapter 11, 217-218, R. Simpson, M. Garstang, and R. Anthes (eds.), Amer. Geophys. Union.

*Ritchie, E., J. Simpson, W.T. Liu, C. Veldon, K. Brueske, and J. Halvorsen, 2002: A closer look at hurricane formation and intensification using new technology. Coping with Hurricanes. Chapter 12, 249-290, R. Simpson, M. Garstang, and R. Anthes (eds.), Amer. Geophys. Union.

*Bourras, D., L. Eymard, and W.T. Liu, 2002: A neural network to extimate the latent heat flux over oceans from satellite observations. Int. J. Remote Sensing, 23, 2405-2423.

*Liu, W.T., X. Xie, W. Tang, and S.V. Nghiem, 2002: Wind Changes over the Western Pacific. East Asia and Western Pacific Meteorology and Climate. Vol. 1, 27-37, World Scientific Co., London.

*Bourras, D., L Eymard, W.T. Liu, H. Dupuis, 2002: An integrated approach to estimate instantaneous near surface air temperature and sensible heat fluxes fields during the SEMAPHORE experiment using satellite data. J. Appl. Meteor, 41, 241-252. (PDF file)

*Yeh, H,-C., T.-J. G. Chen, and W. T. Liu, 2002: Kinematic characteristics of a Meiyu Front detected by the QuikSCAT oceanic winds. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130,700-711. (PDF file)

Tang, W. and W.T. Liu, 2002: Moisture advection and fresh water flux over oceans. 16th Conf. on Hydrology, 24-28, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston.

Hu, H., W.T. Liu and B. Stiles, 2002: Catalina Eddy captured by NASA QuikSCAT satellite. 6th Symp. On Integrated Observing System. 120-123, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston.

*Katsarors, K.B., P.W. Vachon, and W.T. Liu, 2002: Remote sensing of tropical cyclones from space. J. Oceanogr., 58, 137-151.

*Liu, W.T., 2002: Progress in scatterometer application, J. Oceanogr., 58, 121-136. (PDF file)

2001:

*Milliff, R.E., M.H. Freilich, W.T. Liu, R. Atlas, W.G. Large, 2001: Global ocean surface vector wind observations from space. Observing the Oceans in 21st Century, Chapter 2.2, 102-119, C.J. Koblinsky and N.R. Smith (eds), Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne.

*Yueh, S.H., B. Stiles, W.-Y. Tsai, H. Hu, and W.T. Liu, 2001: QuikSCAT geophysical model function for tropical cyclones and application to hurricane Floyd. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 39, 2601-2612.

*Pan, J., X.-H. Yan, Q. Zheng, and W.T. Liu, 2001: Scatterometer observe the variation of the Walker Circulation. Eos Trans. of AGU, 82, 536-537.

*Pan, J., X.-H. Yan, Q. Zheng, and W.T. Liu, 2001: Vector empirical orthogonal modes of the ocean surface wind variability derived from ERS-1/2 scatterometer data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 3951-3954.

Simpson,J., H. Pierce, L. Ritchie, W.T. Liu, K. Brueske, C. Velden and J. Halverson, 2001: Combining new satellite tools and models to examine role of mesoscale interactions in formation and intensification of tropical cyclones. 11th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 528-535..

Liu, W.T., and X. Xie, 2001: Improvement in spacebased scatterometers and increased scientific impact in the past decade, Proc. Ocean 2001, V. 1, 626-630, Marine Tech. Soc. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T., X. Xie, W. Tang, and H. Hu, 2001: Spacebased ocean surface wind vectors. Proc. Atlantic CLIVAR..

Bourras, D., L. Eymard, and W.T. Liu, 2001:Satellite, model and in situ inter-comparisons of latent heat fluxes during the SEMAPHORE campaign, Proc. WCRP/SCOR Workshop on Intercomparison and Validation of Ocean-Atmosphere Flux Fields. WCRP-115, World Climate Research Programme, Geneva, 321-324.

Liu, W.T., H. Hu, Y.T. Song, and W. Tang, 2001: Improvement of scatterometer wind vectors - impact on hurricane and coastal studies. Proc. WCRP/SCOR Workshop on Intercomparison and Validation of Ocean-Atmosphere Flux Fields. WCRP-115, World Climate Research Programme, Geneva, 197-200. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T., H. Hu, W. Tang, and X. Xie, 2001: Continuous stife for better coverage and more details in ocean surface winds measurements - from Midori and ADEOS-2 to GCOM. Proc of IGRASS 2001. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T., 2001: Spaceborne Scatterometer and Scientific Application. Proc. Brazilian Symposium on Remote Sensing.

Xie, X., and W.T. Liu, 2001: Annual and interannual variabilities of the East Asian monsoon revealed by spacebased observations. 11th Conference on Interaction of the Sea and Atmosphere. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 194-197. (PDF file)

Bourras, D. L. Eymard, W.T. Liu, and H. Dupuis, 2001: 11th Conference on Interaction of the Sea and Atmosphere. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 137-139.

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 2001: Ocean-atmosphere interaction in the North Pacific observed by microwave scatterometer, altimeter, and radiometer. Proc. 11th PAMS/JECSS, B.H. Choi (ed), 41-44.

*Liu, W.T., 2001: Wind over troubled water. Backscatter, 12, No. 2, 10-14. (PDF file) (html)

*Xie, S.P., W. T. Liu, and Q. Liu, and M. Nonaka, 2001: Far-reaching effects of the Hawaiian Island on he Pacific Ocean-Atmosphere. Science, 292.2057-2060. (PDF file)

*Hashizume, H., S-P Xie, W.T. Liu, and K. Takeuchi, 2001: Local and remote atmospheric response to tropical instability waves: a global view from space. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 10173-10185. (PDF file)

*Polito, P., J.P. Ryan, W.T. Liu, and F.P. Chavez, 2001: Oceanic and Atmospheric Anomalies of Tropical instability Waves., Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2233-2236. (PDF file)

*Zheng, Q.,X-H. Yan, W.T. Liu, V. Klemas, and D. Sun, 2001: Space shuttle observations of open ocean oil slicks. Remote Sens. Environ., 76, 49-56.

*Li, X., Q. Zheng, W.G. Pichel, X.-H. Yan, W.T. Liu, and P. Clemente-Colon, 2001: Analysis of coastal lee waves along the coast of Texas observed in AVHRR image. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 7017-7025.

*Liu, W.T., and K.B. Katsaros, 2001: Air-Sea Flux from Satellite Data. Ocean Circulation and Climate. G. Siedler. J. Church, and J. Gould (eds), Ch. 3.4, 173-1179, Academic Press, New York.

*Katsaros, K.B., E.B.Forde, P. Chang, and W.T. Liu, 2001: QuikSCAT facilitates early identification of tropical depressions in 1999 hurricane season. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1043-1046. (PDF file)

Yu, J.-Y. and W. T. Liu, 2001: Seasonal-to-interannual modulations of tropical instability waves and their coupling with the atmosphere. 11th Symposium on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 50-53.

Hu, H. and W.T. Liu, 2001: Monitoring Saharan dust events using integrated observing systems. Symposium on Climate Variability, the Oceans, and Societal Impacts, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 35-38.

Bourras, D., L. Eymard, and W.T. Liu, 2001:, A neural network to retrieve the mesoscale instantaneous latent heat flux over oceans from SSM/I observations. 11th Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 55-59.

2000:

*Liu, W.T., H. Hu, and S. Yueh, 2000: Interplay between wind and rain observed in hurricane Floyd. Eos, Trans. of AGU, 81, 253 & 257. (PDF file)

*Liu, W.T., X. Xie, P.S. Polito, S.P. Xie, and H. Hashizume, 2000: Atmospheric manifestation of tropical instability wave observed by QuikSCAT and Tropical Rain Measuring Mission. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2534-2548. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T. and S. V. Nghiem, 2000: Asian flooding induced by marine winds. Proc. PORSEC 2000, 1, 255-257.

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 2000: Direct retrieval of ocean surface evaporatin and latent heat flux from spacebased observations. Proc. PORSEC 2000, 1, 118-121.

Liu, W.T. and X. Xie, 2000: Oceanic and atmospheric propagations of tropical instability waves. Proc. PORSEC 2000, 1, 100-103.

*Yu, J.Y., W.T. Liu. and C. R. Mechoso, 2000: The SST anomaly dipole in the northern subtropical Pacific and its relationship with ENSO. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1931-1934.

*Chu, P.C., C. Fan and W. T. Liu, 2000: Determination of vertical thermal structure from sea surface temperature. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 17, 971-979.

*Polito, P.S., W.T. Liu, and W. Tang, 2000: Correlation-based interpolation of NSCAT wind data. J. Atmos.and Ocean Tech., 17, 1016-1026.

Nghiem, S.V., W.T. Liu, W.Y. Tsai, and X. Xie, 2000: Flood mapping over the Asian continent during the 1999 summer monsoon season. Proc. IGARSS, IEEE, 2027-2028.

*Liu, Y., M.Y. Su, X.H. Yan, and W.T. Liu, 2000: The mean-square slope of ocean surface waves and its effects on radar backscattter. J. Atmos Ocean. Tech., 17, 980-993. (PDF file)

*Polito, P.S., O.T. Sato, W.T. Liu, 2000: Characterization of the heat storage from Topex/Poseidon at four oceanographic sites, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 16911-16921.

*Chu, P., J.M. Veneziano, C. Fan, M.J. Carron, W.T. Liu, 2000: Response of the South China Sea to tropical cyclone Ernie 1996. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 13,991-14,009.

*Sato, O.T., P.S. Polito, and W.T. Liu, 2000: Importance of salinity measurements in the heat storage estimation from TOPEX/Poseidon. Geosphys. Res. Lett., 27, 549-551. (PDF file)

Polito, P.S., O.T. Sato, and W.T. Liu, 2000: Characterization and validation of the heat storage variability from Topex/Poseidon at four oceanographic sites. 10th Conf. On Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 410-413.

Yu, J. Y., W.T. Liu, and C.R. Mechoso, 2000: The SST anomalies dipole in the extratropical Pacific and its relationships with the ENSO cycle. Eleventh Symposium on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 265-268.

Hu, H., and W.T. Liu, 2000: Influence of sea surface temperature, troposheric humidity and lapse rate on the annual cycle of the clear-sky greenhouse efect. Eleventh Symposium on Global Change Studies, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 234-237.

Liu, W.T., W. Tang, A.Ditta, C.S. Hsu, 2000: Monitoring marine weather systems using QuikSCAT and TRMM data. Fourth Symposium of Integrated Observing System, Amer. Meteor. Soc. Boston, 94-97.

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 2000: Dynamic link between the ocean and the atmosphere. Ocean-Atmosphere Remote Sensing, X. Yan and H. Lin (eds), Hong Kong Chinese Univ. Press,, Section III, 1-8.

Yan, X.-H., J. Pan, H. Lin, W.T. Liu, Q. Zheng, and Y.-H. Jo, 2000: The role of winds on estimation of ocean heat storage anomaly using satellite data. Ocean-Atmosphere Remote Sensing.. X.Yan and H. Lin (eds) Hong Kong Chinese University Press, Section IV, 36-73.

1999:

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 1999: Observing the Pacific Asian Marginal Seas with NASA's new satellites. Proc. Tenth PAMS/JECESS Workshop, 8, 1-4.

Liu, W.T., and W. Tang, 1999: Ocean surface hydrologic forcing with Quikscat and TRMM data. Proc. Third International Conf. on GEWEX.

Liu, W.T., L. Li, and W. Tang, 1999: Sensitivity of Spacebased Microwave Radiometer Observations to Ocean Surface Evaporation. Proc. IGARSS '99, IEEE. (PDF file)

*Zheng, Q., R.D. Susanto, X.H. Yan, W.T. Liu, and C.R. Ho, 1999: Observation of equatorial Kelvin solitary waves in a slowly varying thermocline. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 5, 153-165.

*Chen, D., W.T. Liu, S.E. Zebiak, M.A. Cane, Y. Kushnir, and D. Witter, 1999: The sensitivity of the tropical Pacific ocean simulation to the spatial and temporal resolution of wind forcing. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 11,261-11271.

*Chu, P.C., S. Lu, W.T. Liu, 1999: Uncertainty of the South China Sea prediction using NSCAT and NCEP winds during tropical storm Ernie 1996, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 11,273-11,289.

*Liu, W.T., and X. Xie, 1999: Spacebased observations of the oceanic responses to seasonal changes of south Asian monsoons. Geophys. Res. Lett., 126, 1473-1476. (PDF file)

*Chang, C.P., S. C. Lin, C. S. Liou and W. T. Liu, 1999: An experiment using NSCAT winds in the numerical prediction of tropical mesoscale rainfall systems under the influence of terrain. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 311-314. (PDF file)

*Yuan, X., D.G. Martinson, and W.T. Liu, 1999: The effect of air-sea-ice interaction on winter 1996 southern ocean subpolar storm distribution, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 1991-2007.

Hu, H. and W.T. Liu, 1999: Migration of upper tropospheric water vapor from subtropics to the U.S. west coast as observed by Microwave Limb Sounder, Tenth Symp. Global Change Studies, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 531-434.

Liu, W.T., H. Hu, and X. Xie, 1999: Teleconnection of the 1997 El Nino observed by spacebased sensors and the decadal anomalies in the northeaast Pacific. Tenth Symp. Global Changes Studies, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 338-341.

Liu,W.T., 1999: Monitoring ocean-atmosphere exchanges from space. Third Symp. of Integrated Observing Systems, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 193-196.

1998:

Liu, Y., P. Hwang, M.-Y. Su, and W.T. Liu, 1998: A new model on equilibrium spectrum of wind waves. Proc. 8th Intern. Offshore and Polar Eng. Conf. International Society of Offshore and Polar Enginners. 216-221.

*Yan, X.H., Y. He, R. D. Susanto, and W.T. Liu, 1998: Multisensor studies on El Nino -Southern Oscillations and variabilities in the equatorial Pacific. J. Advanced Marine Science Technology Soc., 4, 289-300.

*Graf, J., C. Sasaki, C. Winn, W.T. Liu, W. Tsai, M. Freilich, and D. Long, 1998: NASA Scatterometer Experiment. Acta Astronautica, 43, 397-407.

*Zheng,Q., X.H. Yan, W.T. Liu, V. Klemas, D. Greger, and Z. Wang, 1998: A solitary wave packet in the atmosphere observed from space. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3559-3562.

Yan, X.H., Y. He, W.T. Liu, and R.D. Susanto, 1998: Multisensor studies on El Nino-Southern Oscillation and variabilities in equatorial Pacific. Proc. PORSEC '98, Remote Sensing Institute, Qingdao, China. 1, 492-496.

Chao, Y., B.N. Cheng, and W.T. Liu, 1998: The impact of NSCAT data on simulating ocean circulation. Proc. PORSEC '98, Remote Sensing Institute, Qingdao, China, 1, 374-377.

Liu, W.T., H. Hu, and X.S. Xie, 1998: Multisensor studies on monsoon and greenhouse warming. Proc. PORSEC '98 - Qingdao, Remote Sensing Institute, Qingdao, China, 2, 899-901.

Tang, W., and W.T. Liu, 1998: Compiling global wind fields from the NASA scatterometer and studying their relationship with anomalou warming in the Pacific. Proc. PORSEC '98 - Qingdao, Remote Sensing Institute, Qingdao, China, 2, 873-875.

*Hu, H., and W.T. Liu, 1998: The impact of upper troposheric humidity from Microwave Limb Sounder on the midlatitude greenhouse effect. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3151-3154.

*Liu, A.K., Y. Zhao, and W.T. Liu, 1998: Sea ice motion derived from satellite agrees with buoy observations. Eos Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 79, 353 & 359.

*Liu, W.T., W. Tang, and H. Hu, 1998: Spaceborne sensors observe various effects of anomalous winds on sea surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean. Eos Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 79, 249 & 252.

*Liu, W.T., W. Tang, and P.S. Polito, 1998: NASA Scatterometer provides global ocean-surface wind fields with more structures than numerical weather prediciton. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 761-764.

Liu, W.T., W. Tang, and P.S. Polito, 1998: Spacebased observation of global ocean surface wind. Second Symp. of Integrating Observing System, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 75-78.

Liu, W.T., W. Tang, and X. Xie, 1998: Asian monsoons observed by the scatterometers and complementary spacebased sensors. Ninth Conf. on Interaction of the Aea and Atmos., Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 36-39.

Liu, W.T., and X. Xie, 1998: Interannual to decadal variabilites in the Pacific basin in an ocean general circulation model. Ninth Symp. on Global Change Studies, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 130-134. (PDF file)

Hu, H., and W.T. Liu, 1998: Extratropical influence of upper tropospheric water vapor on greenhouse warming. Ninth Symp. Global Change Studies, Amer. Meteor. Soc. , Boston, 27-30.

Zheng, Q., X.H. Yan, W.T. Liu, and V. Klemas, 1998: Coastal Lee waves observed from space. Second Conf. on Coastal Atmos. and Oceanic Prediction and Processes, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 84-88.

Zheng, Q., X.H. Yan, W.T. Liu, W. Tang, and A. Ali, 1998: Global tropical ocean atmospheric convergence zones dervied from ERS-1/2 and NSCAT scatterometers winds. Ninth Conf. on Interaction of the Sea and Atmos., Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 40-43.

Yan, X.H., Y. He, W.T. Liu, and R.D. Susanto, 1998: Multisensor studies on El Nino-Southern Oscillation and variabilities in equatorial Pacific. Proc. PORSEC '98, Remote Sensing Institute, Qingdao, China. 1, 492-496.

Chao, Y., B.N. Cheng, and W.T. Liu, 1998: The impact of NSCAT data on simulating ocean circulation. Proc. PORSEC '98, Remote Sensing Institute, Qingdao, China, 1, 374-377.

*Wang, B. and X. Xie, 1998: Coupled modes of the warm pool climate system. Part I: the role of the air-sea interaction in maintaining Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Climate, 11, 2116-2135. (PDF file)

*Webster, C.R, R.D. May, H.A. Michelsen, D.C. Scott, J.C. Wilson, H.H. Jonsson, C.A. Brock, J.E. Dye, D. Baumgardner, R.M. Stimpfle, J.P. Koplow, J.J. Margitan, M H. Proffitt, L. Jaegle, R.L. Herman, H. Hu, G.J. Flesch, M. Loewenstein, Evolution of HCL concentrations in the lower stratosphere from 1991 to 1996 Following the Eruption of Mt. Pinatubo, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 995-998.

1997:

Hsu, C. and W.T. Liu, 1997: Near real-time surfce pressure fields from scatterometer. Proc. NSCAT Sci. Symposium, Jet Propulsion Lab. Pasadena, 116-118.

Yuan, X., W.T. Liu, and D. G. Martinson, 1997: The effect of air-sea ice interaction on storm distribution around the Anartic. Proc NSCAT Sci Symp., Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, 46-47.

Yan, X.H., Y. He, and W.T. Liu, 1997: Scatterometer wind data used in the data analyses and model studies for the western tropical Pacific ocean. Proc. NSCAT Sci. Symp., Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena.

Polito, P.S., W.T. Liu, and W. Tang, 1997: Correlation-based interpolation of NSCAT wind data. Proc. NSCAT Sci. Symp., Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, 30-32.

Zheng, Q., X.H. Yan, W.T. Liu, W. Tang, and A.H. Ali, 1997: Investigation of ACZS and global tropical ocean using satellite scatterometer winds. Proc. NSCAT Sci. Symposium, Jet Propulsion Lab. Pasadena, 21-23.

Liu, W.T., X. Xie, and W. Tang, 1997: Recent anomalous Pacific warming. Proc. NSCAT Science Smposium, Jet Propulsion Lab. Pasadena, 6-8.

*Bourassa, M.A., M.H. Freilich, D.M. Legler, W.T. Liu, and J. J. O'Brien, 1997: Wind observations from new satellite and research vessels agree. Eos Trans. of Amer. Geophys. Union, 78, 597 & 602. (PDF file)

*He, Y. X-H. Yan, and W.T. Liu, 1997: Surface heat fluxes in the western equatorial Pacific ocean estimated by bulk parameterization and by an inverse mixed layer model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 2477-2487.

Liu, W.T., and W. Tang, 1997: Application of ERS scatterometer winds to typhoon, monsoon, rain, and El Niño studies. Third ERS Symposium on Space at the Service of Our Environmnmet, European Space Agncy, SP-414, 1585-1590.

Liu, W.T., 1997: Surface wind vectors from the NASA scatterometer. U.S.WOCE Report. 1997, U.S. WOCE Office, College Station, 26-27.

Liu, W.T., 1997: Studies of atmospheric and oceanic phenomena with the NASA Scatterometer. Proceedings of IGARSS '97, 2082-2083.

Liu, W.T., 1997: Observation of global ocean-atmosphere exchanges from spaceborne sensors. Proceedings of IGARSS '97, 1435-1437.

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 1997: Spaceborne scatterometer in studies of atmospheric and oceanic phenomena form synoptic to interannual time scales. Space Remote Sensing of Subtropical Ocean. C.T. Liu (ed.), Pergamon, New York, 113-125.

*Hsu, C.S., W.T. Liu, and M.G. Wurtele, 1997: Impact of scatteromometer winds on hydrologic forcing and convective heating through surface divergence. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1556-1576.

*Yan, X.H., H. Yun, W.T. Liu, Q. Zheng, and C.R. Ho, 1997: Centroid motion of the western Pacific warm pool in the recent El Niño events. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 937-845.

*Liu, Y., X.H. Yan, W.T. Liu, and P.A. Hwang, 1997: The probability density function of ocean surface slopes and its effects on radar backscatter. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 782-797.

*Liu, W.T., W. Tang, and R. S. Dunbar, 1997: NASA scatterometer observes the extratropical transition of Pacific typhoon. Eos, Trans. of Amer. Geophys. Soc., 78, 237 & 240.

*Zheng,Q., X.H. Yan, W.T. Liu, W. Tang, and D. Kurz, 1997: Seasonal and interannual variability of atmospheric convergence zones in the tropical Pacific observed with ERS-1 scatterometer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 261-263.

*Hu, H. and R.H. Holzworth, 1997: An inertial wave driven stratospheric horizontal electric field: new evidence, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 19,717-197,27.

*Pinto, O. Jr, O. Mendes Jr., I.R.C. Pinto, W.D. Gonzalez, R.H. Holzworth, K.W. Norville and H. Hu, 1997: Atmospheric X-rays in the southern hemisphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59, 1381-1390.

*Wang, B., and X. Xie, 1997: A model for the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1, 72-86. (PDF file)

1996:

Liu, W.T., 1996: Satellite data and their impact on ocean studies. Proc. Workshop on Air-Sea Flux Fields for Forcing Ocean Model and Validating GCM, WCRP-95, World Climate Research Program, Geneva, 25-30.

Tang, W., and W.T. Liu, 1996: Objective Interpolation of Scatterometer Winds. PL Publication 96-19 (PDF file), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 16 pp.

Liu, W.T. and W. Tang, 1996: Equivalent Neutral Wind. JPL Publication 96-17 (PDF file), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 16 pp.

*Hsu, C.S. and W.T. Liu, 1996: Wind and pressure fields near tropical cyclone Oliver derived from scatterometer observations. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 17,021-17,027.

*Liu, W.T., W. Tang, and R. Atlas, 1996: Responses of the tropical Pacific to wind forcing as observed by spaceborne sensors and simulated by model. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 16,345-16,359. (PDF file)

Liu, W.T., 1996: NSCAT-Looking Forward to Global Winds, PICES Press, 4, No. 1, 11-12.

Liu, W.T., and C.S. Hsu, 1996: Surface wind divergence, convective transport, and hydrologic forcing on the ocean. *Fu, R., W.T. Liu, and R.E. Dickinson, 1996: Response of tropical clouds to the interannual variation of sea surface temperature. J. Climate, 9, 616-634.

Liu, W.T., C.S. Hsu, and H. Hu, 1996: Application of spacebased wind and water vapor observations on the studies of the energy and hydrologic balance over ocean, Proc. in the Second International Scientific Conference on the Global Energy and Water Cycle, Washington, DC, 320-321.

*Hu, H. and R.H. Holzworth, 1996: Observations and parameterization of the stratospheric electrical conductivity, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 29, 539-29,552.

*Wang, B., and X. Xie, 1996: Low frequency equatorial waves in vertically sheared zonal flow: Part I: Stable waves. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 3, 449-467. (PDF file)

*Xie, X., and B. Wang, 1996: Low frequency equatorial waves in vertically sheared zonal flow: Part II: Unstable waves. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 23, 3589-3605. (PDF file)


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